Vietnam: Govt belligerence escalates against Hanoi Catholics
GeneralSeptember 26, 2008
By: WEA RLC Principal Researcher and Writer, Elizabeth Kendal
Twelve months ago the world's media was transfixed by the sight of thousands
of courageous, marching, anti-junta Buddhist monks in Rangoon, Burma. It has
been both astounding therefore and sad that the largest public demonstrations
to occur in Vietnam since the Communists took power have attracted only the
most minimal attention. But the Hanoi demonstrations, which are taking the
form of mass prayer vigils attended by candle, cross and flower-holding,
singing, praying Catholics, are immensely significant. So WEA RLC will be
following the situation, which is escalating week by week.
As previously reported: "The prayer vigils are pushing the government to
breaking point. But will they result in a breakthrough in Church-State
relations, or an escalation in violent repression?
"The situation is not looking good. The government appears to be closing the
door on dialogue, police are being deployed and the State-run media are
describing the main prayer vigil in Thai Ha as an 'organisational crime'
plotted by 'hostile forces' against the communist government."
UPDATE: GOVERNMENT BELLIGERENCE ESCALATES
GOVT ORDERS DEMOLITION OF FORMER VATICAN EMBASSY IN HANOI
VietCatholic News Agency reports: "Eight months after promising to restore
Church ownership of a building that once housed the office of the apostolic
nuncio in Hanoi, Vietnamese authorities have suddenly begun demolishing the
building, provoking the outrage of Catholic protesters and drawing a heated
protest from the city's archbishop.
"Very early [4 am] on Friday morning, 19 September, hundreds of police
assembled in front of the archbishop's residence in Hanoi, blocking access to
the residence, the cathedral, and all roads leading to the nearby nunciature.
Dozens of bulldozers moved into the area and began digging out the lawn of the
nunciature. At 6 am, after police and demolition workers were in place,
state-controlled television and radio broadcasts announced that the government
had decided to demolish the building, to convert the land into a public
playground." (Full report: link 1)
The betrayal and the demolition carry an implied threat: "This is what happens
when you push us too far!"
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN HANOI'S CATHOLICS ARE PUSHED TOO FAR?
10,000 TURN OUT TO PRAY
-- largest public demonstrations since Communists came to power.
VietCatholic News Agency reports (with great photos): "The Sunday [21 Sep]
morning protest of Catholics on the streets of Hanoi was probably the largest
so far after the Communist takeover in 1954. A bishop and hundreds of priests
led more than ten thousand of protesters praying at the nunciature before an
open altar set up at the middle of the street." (Link 2)
While police turned back many busloads of worshippers, an estimated 10,000
managed to make it to the site where they braved the rain, heavy police
presence, attack dogs and barbed wire to pray for justice and worship the Lord
as the bells of St Joseph's Cathedral next door chimed intermittently.
Some 5,000 candle-bearing Catholics also turned out at the former nunciature
on the Saturday night. "A student from Hanoi university said: 'I was here last
night with at least 5,000 people. I prayed with them until very late. I had
just gone home to take a sleep then return here with people. We were very
upset with the way this government handle the issue.'
"'My hope [for the return of the nunciature] is gone, but my belief in God is
unshaken,' said Phuong Nguyen, another girl at early twenties. 'Last February,
we halted the protests out of the trust in them. However, they managed to
delay returning the property through various bureaucratic manoeuvres. Then,
all in a sudden, they announced to demolish for a playground and immediately
carried out their plan with the support of their armed forces. How can we
still trust them?' she asked." (Link 2)
MEDIA UNDER FIRE
Associated Press journalist Ben Stocking was covering the story at the former
nunciature on Friday morning 19 September when he was violently assaulted by
police and temporarily detained. "He [Stocking] reported that he had been
choked, punched and bashed with his own camera -- the last assault opening a
cut in his scalp that bled profusely. After his 2 1/2 hours in detention, he
immediately had to seek treatment at a private clinic for the head injury."
The Vietnamese authorities however deny that Stocking was beaten and maintain
that he was arrested for breaking the law. Eye witnesses (including an unknown
person who filmed Stocking's removal and posted it on YouTube) maintain that
Stocking was openly standing beside police and taking photos without any
problems. He offered no resistance when asked to move away, but was later put
into a chokehold and beaten. On Monday 22 September Stocking was summoned to
the foreign ministry where he was issued a warning. Vietnamese media reported
that the ministry was contemplating further action, particularly against
Stocking's "slander" that security forces had beaten him. (Link 4)
ARCHBISHOP AND FOUR PRIESTS UNDER FIRE
On Tuesday 23 September Ben Stocking reported from Hanoi: "Communist
authorities in Hanoi have threatened to take legal action against the city's
archbishop unless he immediately disbands illegal prayer vigils to demand the
return of former church lands, state media reported Monday.
"The government campaign against Archbishop Ngo Quang Kiet escalated over the
weekend, with state television calling into question his patriotism in an
apparent attempt to turn public opinion against him." (Link 5)
According to State-run media: "The Hanoi People's Committee's communique
accuses Kiet of directly inciting and encouraging violations of land-related
laws." Furthermore, the authorities claim Hanoians will support the
disciplining of the Archbishop. (Link 6)
However, as Stocking reports, the threats extend beyond the Archbishop. Four
priests involved in the prayer vigils at the Thai Ha site also received
official warnings. The BBC reports: "The archbishop and priests are accused of
'stirring the population' and encouraging illegal religious activity." (Link 7)
According to State-run media, the priests have "organised illegal religious
activities on the occupied land, disturbing security, and social order in the
area. For those acts, the Hanoi Mayor issues a warning against Vu Khoi Phung,
the priest in charge of the Thai Ha parish and three priests, including Nguyen
Van Khai, Nguyen Van That and Nguyen Ngoc Nam Phong and demands them
immediately stop those law violations, otherwise, they will be treated in line
with the law." (Link 8)
The priests have been ordered to remove religious symbols from the site and
stop disseminating false information and holding illegal gatherings. The
authorities have ordered the crowds to "refrain from extremist actions".
CHURCH UNDER FIRE
In the past week the two main prayer vigil sites -- the Thai Ha Redemptorist
monastery and the former nunciature -- have both been attacked by large gangs
of pro-government vigilantes. The gangs dress in the blue shirts of the Youth
On Friday 19 September at around 1 am a pro-government gang attacked the Thai
Ha chapel, ransacking the altar and vandalising church property. Then at
around 11.20 pm on Sunday 21 September a 200-strong gang surrounded the
monastery and attempted to gain access, smashing everything in their way. "In
what one priest called a 'sort of terrorism' against the Catholic faithful,
the gang ransacked the building, destroying statues and books while shouting
threats against the lives of clergy and religious, Catholic faithful, and the
Archbishop of Hanoi." (Link 9)
In each case, the police did not intervene.
Then at 4 pm on Thursday 25 September a gang attacked the former nunciature.
"Hundreds of Catholic protesters seeking the return of a former papal
nunciature confiscated by the communist government were attacked on Thursday
afternoon in a confrontation with youths, military veterans, and members of
other communist associations.
"The pro-government gang chased protesters from the area and then gathered at
the gate of the Archbishop of Hanoi's office, yelling communist slogans and
calling for the head of the archbishop, whom they accused of treason." (Link 10)
According to VietCatholic News Agency the militants, who far outnumbered the
Catholic protesters, were delivered to the site by State-owned buses. While
the priests took cover in the church offices, the police watched as the mob
destroyed the cross that worshippers had erected at the site in January.
According to reports, some police even joined in the anti-Catholic rampage.
CHILDREN UNDER FIRE
It has also been reported that the People's Committee of Thanh Oai district
has ordered school teachers to monitor their students to see who is attending
the prayer vigils at the Thai Ha site. VietCatholic News Agency reports that
teachers "can be seen in Thai Ha everyday looking for their students, forcing
them to go home, and threatening them with severe punishments including
expulsion from the school.
"Most teachers feel reluctant to become persecutors against their students.
But, some seem to see it a perfect chance to carry out their anti-Catholicism
ideology. Two year 7 Catholic students from Thach Bich, known as Huong and
Quynh, told their parents they were forced by their teachers to stand in front
of their classmates to be mocked. The 'humiliation session' had dragged for
hours until the two 11-year-old children promised not to go to the church again.
"Teachers in Bich Hoa high school, out of the fear of losing their promotion
and pay rise, asked all Catholic students to pledge in writing not to follow
their parents to Thai Ha. In addition, non-Catholic students were ordered to
report the presence of their Catholic classmates at the site.
"Catholic students from Hanoi universities face even more threats. 'We have
been repeatedly warned not to go to Thai Ha. We face expulsion and arrest for
joining protesters,' said an architect student, who has requested anonymity
for his own safety. 'We just come here to pray. We do nothing wrong. We have
no weapons and no political ambition. Why they fear us?' he asked." (Link 12)
6) Hanoi archbishop told to desist from further law violationshttp://www.thanhniennews.com/politics/?catid=1&newsid=42245
Hanoi City has issued a written warning to Archbishop Ngo Quang Kiet of the
Hanoi Archdiocese asking him to refrain from disseminating false information
and inciting priests and people to take part in illegal activities.
Hanoians in support of disciplining Archbishop. 24 Sep 2008http://english.vietnamnet.vn/social/2008/09/805253/
Voters have agreed with a decision made by the Hanoi People's Committee to
discipline municipal Church Archbishop Ngo Quang Kiet and several other
priests in line with national law.
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